As someone who was born in the late 80’s I am ever grateful to the previous generations’ of Muslims whose efforts contributed to the establishment of mosques and Islamic institutions.
Many of the mosques in the UK were established by immigrants from South Asia, Africa and the Middle East. They immigrated to the UK due to many reasons from fleeing war to economic reasons. However, they did not leave their faith behind.
In order to preserve the faith of future generations, they collectively worked together to establish mosques and madrasahs through generous donations from the community. Due to their hard work and perseverance, we are seeing many mosques providing vital services for the communities.
The maktab system established at most mosques in the UK where children learn to read the Qur’an and basics of Islam has been an important part of the development of children into Islamically grounded citizens of society.
The community have continued to donate to their local mosques helping with the running costs as well as helping to build extensions or rebuilds.
However, my question is, is this a sustainable model? As mosques start offering more services as the needs of the community become more diverse and complex, and with economic uncertainty due to factors like Brexit, can mosques continue to simply rely on donations from the community or is there another way?
To this end, mosques such as the East London Mosque & London Muslim Centre are thinking of ways to establish a sustainable income model which does not solely rely on donations. From its humble beginnings in 1910, it has become one of the busiest and largest mosques in Europe with over 1.7 million people passing through its doors every year.
The prayer room of the original East London Mosque on Commercial Road during the Eid ul Fitr celebrations in 1941.
Aerial view of East London Mosque, London Muslim Centre and Maryam Centre
The mosque has relied on the community’s generosity to continue to run and expand. However, in order to be more sustainable, the mosque rents out commercial units to businesses and charities to provide a regular income stream for the mosque. It also hires out its halls for community events and weddings.
Recently they have launched a Waqf (Endowment) Fund where the mosque plans to use donations and Qard Hasanah (interest free loans) given specifically to the fund to invest in halal investments such as properties.
The mosque quotes on their website, “when ‘Umar ibn al-Khattab (may Allah be pleased with him) acquired a piece of land, he asked the Prophet (peace be upon him) how best to use it. The Prophet advised him to establish it as Waqf, and give its profit as charity.”
I spoke to East London Mosque’s Senior Fundraising Officer Tozommul Ali about the Waqf Fund who told me:
“Institutions like ELM needs to have a Waqf Fund for long term sustainability. Our appeal to the community is to have the view of helping the mosque for long term sustainability.”
“For the last fifteen to twenty years, the mosque has grown at a tremendous rate with the support of the community. We now need to think about the long term future and how to sustain the projects and services. This initiative will Insha’Allah be a source for long term sustainability and sadaqah jariah in this life and the next.”
I recommend other mosques and Islamic organisations to follow East London Mosque’s example and think of other ways to create a sustainable model for income so they can continue to operate and flourish.
If a mosque does manage to become self-sufficient, the community should be given the opportunity to support their local mosque through donations as it is a means of much barakah for the members of the community and the mosques.