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Fascinating Photos of Pilgrims from 10 Countries Travelling for Hajj in the 1880s

These fascinating photos from 1884 feature pilgrims from 10 countries travelling for during Hajj. Back then, before the advent of modern transport such as commercial air travel, the journey to Hajj was far more difficult and perilous and these pilgrims would have undertaken journeys of weeks or months to reach Makkah.

The photos were taken by Snouck Hurgronje at the Dutch Consulate in Jeddah.

An interesting observation about these photos is the different clothing the pilgrims are wearing reflecting the customs of their place of origin. However during Hajj, such nationalities disappear as each person wears two pieces of un-stitched clothing making it difficult to identify their nationality. Hajj brings all nations and peoples together where the young, the old, the poor and the rich stand before Allah as equals.

These photos were taken when the Ottoman caliphate still existed and pilgrims were able to travel hassle free without passports and visas through borderless lands.

Basra, Iraq

basra hajjis 1880

Baghdad, Iraq

baghdad hajjis 1880

Aceh, Indonesia

aceh hajjis 1880

Sumatra, Indonesia

sumatra hajjis 1880

Bahrain

bahrain hajjis 1880

Zanzibar

zanzibar hajjis 1880

Yemen

yemen hajjis 1880

Morocco

morocco hajjis 1880

India

india hajjis 1880

Bukhara, Uzbekistan

bukhara hajjis 1880

Makkah

makkah 1880

Malaysia

malay sheikh hajjis 1880

Photos courtesy of:  Museum of Islamic Art (MIA), Qatar

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